Side effects of orthodontic treatment

Atanasova, Sandra and Kovacevska, Ivona and Nashkova, Sanja and Toneva, Verica and Zlatanovska, Katerina and Longurova, Natasa (2018) Side effects of orthodontic treatment. Knowledge, International Journal Scientific Papers. ISSN 1857- 92 (In Press)

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Orthodontic treatment of malocclusion and craniofacial abnormalities contributes to the proper positioning of the teeth and provides better occlusion and a better relation of the jaws. Orthodontic treatment also facilitates better maintenance of oral hygiene in patients. In addition, better mastication, phonation and aesthetics on the face of the patient are also provided with orthodontic treatment contributing to the general and oral health of the patient, affecting self-confidence or improving the quality of his life. Like any other medical intervention, besides the benefits of orthodontic treatment, there are certain risks, adverse effects. However, these adverse effects associated with the orthodontic treatment themselves are significantly lower compared to other surgical and non-surgical interventions. The most common adverse effects of orthodontic treatment may be local that is, intraoral and extraoral, as well as systemic. Local adverse effects include: discoloration of the teeth, root resorption, decalcification, attrition (worn off) of the enamel surfaces, dental caries, periodontal complications of which the most common is gingival inflammation, then changes in the soft tissues in the oral and maxillofacial regions, and temporomandibular disorders. As a result of orthodontic treatment, some systemic side effects may also occur: gastrointestinal complications, allergic reactions, infective endocarditis, and chronic fatigue. Orthodontic treatment has a double effect, sometimes it is very important in terms of increasing the status of periodontal health, but sometimes some of the above adverse effects can occur. One of the challenges of most orthodontists is to complete orthodontic treatment with the least effects on the roots of the teeth and periodontium. Orthodontic treatment is usually contraindicated in patients with active periodontal disease or poor periodontal health, as in such a case the chance of further worsening of the condition is higher. Therefore, before starting the orthodontic treatment, a thorough assessment of the periodontal health and the level of the attached gingiva is recommended, it is particularly important to emphasize the need to maintain good oral hygiene in order to achieve the best treatment. In general, the subsequent benefits of orthodontic treatment must overcome any potential damage. The patient as a participant in decision-making regarding treatment has the right to be informed about the benefits and possible risks that may arise. The patient, as a participant in treatment decision-making, has the right to be informed about the benefits and possible risks that may occur.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Natasa Longurova
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2018 09:38
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2018 09:38

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