Lithological distribution of rare earth elements in soil and atmospheric precipitates in the Bregalnica river basin

Stafilov, Trajče and Balabanova, Biljana and Sajn, Robert (2018) Lithological distribution of rare earth elements in soil and atmospheric precipitates in the Bregalnica river basin. In: Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., New York, pp. 23-54. ISBN 978-1-5361-245-7

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Abstract

The present chapter gives an overview of the rare earth elements (REEs) distribution in automorphic and alluvial soil (top and sub-soil samples) and moss species in the environs of Bregalnica river. There are 17 rare earth metals (REMs) or rare earth elements (REEs), comprising the elements La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu, Sc and Y. Fifteen of the REMs constitute a group of elements called lanthanides and are found between the atomic numbers 51 and 71 in the periodic table of elements. Beginning with the atomic number 51, the lanthanides include the following elements: La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu. These elements are grouped together because they exhibit similar chemical and physical properties, considered as REEs. REEs possess certain unique but identical physical and chemical properties which make them useful markers of specific geochemical reactions in soil REEs can be accumulated in different areas of the environment following anthropogenic inputs because of the low mobility of these elements. The present investigation presents the first attempt to characterize the REE distribution in soils and moss species in the Bregalnica river basin in the eastern part of the territory of the Republic of Macedonia. The geochemical interaction of these elements plays an important role in the lithological distribution of mineral elements. The element contents were determined using inductively coupled plasma with mass spectrometry. The content of the light rare earth elements (LREEs) in the whole investigated area ranges from 8.6 to 225 mg kg–1, while the content of the heavy rare earth elements (HREEs) ranges from 0.92 to 33.7 mg kg–1. The distribution of the LREEs (La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu and Gd) is predominantly related to the Quaternary terraces and the Paleogene flysch. The anthropogenic activities that occur in the Pb-Zn surroundings and the Cu mineralization in the investigated area significantly influence the lithological distribution of this geochemical association of elements. On the other hand, the distribution of the HREEs (Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Th, Yb and Lu) presents a typical geochemical association in the area of the Bregalnica river basin.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Natural sciences > Chemical sciences
Natural sciences > Earth and related environmental sciences
Agricultural Sciences > Other agricultural sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Depositing User: Biljana Balabanova
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2018 10:25
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2018 10:25
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/20536

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