The pragmatic competence in Macedonian learners of German - an intercultural study on the example of speech act request

Ivanovska, Biljana and Kusevska, Marija (2018) The pragmatic competence in Macedonian learners of German - an intercultural study on the example of speech act request. In: 8th Intercultural Pragmatics Conference INPRA 2018; 8e Conférence internationale: Pragmatique et communication interculturelles, 08-10 June 2018, Nicosia, Cyprus. (In Press)


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The study presented in this article is a part of the project "The role of explicit Instruction in developing pragmatic competence in English and German as foreign languages", carried out at the “Goce Delčev” University in Štip, R. Macedonia. It is an interlanguage study of how the Macedonian students of German formulate the speech act request with respect to strategy use, speech act modification and speech act perspective. Additionally, it compares non-native speaker to native speaker requests and investigates what makes non-native speaker requests sound inappropriate. The participants were 59 Macedonian students of German at B2 level, age 19 to 24, and 32 adult native speakers of German. Data were collected through Discourse completion test consisting of six scenarios with different contextual features. The classification of the request strategies is based on Blum-Kulka (1982) and House & Kasper (1989). The results show that although there is some correlation in the way requests are formulated by the two groups, the requests of the Macedonian learners of German show some deviations. First, the native speakers’ requests are more formal and thus sound more polite. Second, Macedonian learners give more elaborate background information, their explanations and justifications are longer, and the politeness marker bitte is not always appropriately used. They also use expressions oriented to the listener more often, while the expressions from a common perspective are very rare. Key words: interlanguage, pragmatic competence, requests, strategies, modification

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Humanities > Languages and literature
Divisions: Faculty of Philology
Depositing User: Biljana Ivanovska
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2018 09:28
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2018 09:28

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