Spectrophotometric analysis of natural teeth color in patients with different oral hygiene habits

Zarkova-Atanasova, Julija and Zlatanovska, Katerina and Dimova, Cena and Naskova, Sanja and Popovska, Lidija (2017) Spectrophotometric analysis of natural teeth color in patients with different oral hygiene habits. Journal of Hygienic Engineering and Design, 20. pp. 48-53. ISSN 1857- 8489

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Abstract

The key to keeping a bright, healthy smile and good oral health is to practice proper oral hygiene. The aim of our study was to see the difference between teeth color in patients who have different habits of oral hygiene. First a questionnaire was filled by the selected patients (N = 235) consisted of a series of questions for the purpose of gathering information about oral hygiene habits. Than the color of their central incisors, was measured with intraoral spectrophotometer ShadePilotTM (Degu Dent, Germany), in the middle third of the crown and interpreted with shade tabs from three shade guides Vita Classic, Ivoclar Chromascope and Vita 3D Master. For statistical analysis the patients were grouped into three groups according to the answered questions, the first with excellent habits, the second with good and the third group with bad habits in maintaining oral hygiene. Pearson’s chi-squared test (χ2) was used as a statistical method for analyzing the difference between groups. Results showed that different habits of oral hygiene are an important factor form which the teeth shade depends (p < 0,001) (p = 0,000). The patients with excellent habits have brightest teeth shades and darkest in patients with bad habits. The reason for darker shades in the patient is the accumulated dental plaque in which pigments are trapped and gives the teeth more yellowish and matte appearance. We concluded that practicing an excellent and good oral hygiene habit like brushing properly and regularly, using mouthwashes and every day flossing can give a whiter and more healthy looking teeth, than others whit bad oral habits. Overall tooth color is very important for good esthetic and confidence in patients. Key words: Tooth color, Shade guides, Spectrophotometer

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Basic medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Katerina Zlatanovska
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2017 11:20
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2017 11:20
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/18605

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