Commonly used textile fibers in composite industry for special purposes

Risteski, Sanja and Zhezhova, Silvana and Srebrenkoska, Vineta (2017) Commonly used textile fibers in composite industry for special purposes. International Journal Knowledge, 16.4. pp. 1673-1678. ISSN 1857-923X


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In the composite industry for special purposes various textile materials can be apply, but in the technology of advanced composites dominate: glass, carbon, aramide and polyethylene fibers. Fiber reinforcement became dominant in many engineering applications due to the possibilities of designing various properties of composite materials by changing the arrangements of different fibers. But not all types of fibers can be used as reinforcement of textile composites. Fibers to be utilized in composites should have specific properties, such as high modulus of elasticity, high ultimate strength, uniform cross section, low variation of properties between individual fibers, and the ability to withstand fabrication without significant property loss. Textile composites are using high performance fibers such as glass, carbon/graphite, aromatic polyamides (aramides – Kevlar), polyesters (HM/HT PES), ceramic fibers, boron and silicon carbide fibers, etc. Textile composites are being widely used in advanced structures in many industrial applications as storage and transport structures (tanks, pipes, hoses, etc.), geotechnical, aerospace, automotive and marine industries. One application of great interest nowadays is the energy production management, especially when it comes to wind energy (wind mills). Also, high amounts of textile reinforced composites are used in the production of sporting goods and protective equipment. An interesting application is in civil buildings, as walls reinforcement. This is because they possess outstanding physical, thermal and favorable mechanical properties, particularly light weight, high stiffness and strength, good fatigue resistance, excellent corrosion resistance and dimensional stability and attractive reinforcing materials with low production cost and easy handing. In this review the main technical fibers used in textile composite: glass, carbon, aramids and high tenacity polyethylene fibers are discussed. They have superior mechanical characteristics so that can meet the specific demands of advanced composite applications. Each fiber has its own advantages and disadvantages. A comparison between reinforcing material properties is also shown. In terms of technology, all specific processes from textile industries may be used to produce complex structures, but, due to their characteristics and the material geometry that results, they lead to different behavior and recommend materials for various applications. The main production processes employed in textile reinforcements are weaving, braiding, knitting and non-woven production. The selection of a specific technological process takes into account its architectural capabilities, the material characteristics and behavior (dimensional stability, mechanic strength, drapability and formability, etc.), as well as its suitability for the composite processing and application. Key words: glass, carbon, aramids, polyethylene fibers, composites.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering and Technology > Materials engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Technology
Depositing User: Sanja Spasova
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2017 11:18
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2018 11:12

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