Parliamentary control of the security sector of the Republic of Macedonia as a precondition for the development of democratic society

Muaremoska Abduli, Sevilj and Racaj, Muhamet (2017) Parliamentary control of the security sector of the Republic of Macedonia as a precondition for the development of democratic society. In: International scientific conference "Security concepts and policies - new generation of risks and threats", 04-05 June 2017, Ohrid, Macedonia.

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Abstract

The efforts to establish a democratic legal order in the period immediately after the Republic of Macedonia gained its independence in the area of the security sector institutions were carried out with more or less pronounced difficulties. That, more than ever, imposed the need for establishment of parliamentary and other forms of democratic control and monitoring of the work of the security sector institutions, as these institutions are essentially considered as the most conservative and toughest structures of the social system, which repeatedly opposed the changes that were dictated by the new way of social order, in then still fragile democracy of the Macedonian state. This situation is slowly changing and the security sector reforms are implemented at a very slow pace and this has repeatedly been and still is one of the key points in the reports that the Republic of Macedonia receives with respect to our aspirations to join the big European family. From today's perspective, however, the Republic of Macedonia has had good progress in the implementation of the commitment to democratic oversight and control of the actions of the security institutions and certainly, in terms of transparent operation of the security sector as a whole, but the fact is that the reforms are not completed yet. Democratic order implies the need for an independent and democratic control of the security sector, which will be organized in a way chosen by modern democratic states. In that context, the legislature of the Republic of Macedonia, pursuant to its constitutional powers, examines the performance of the security sector institutions and thus establishes the basic legal principles and standards and respect for the basic human rights and freedoms. The completed process of legal and transparent operation of the security sector, in addition to the constitutional and legal regulatory framework for the implementation of parliamentary control and oversight of the work of security sector institutions, also requires strong political will, knowledge and skills. Considering the current political developments in the Republic of Macedonia when the Parliament operates with virtually no opposition, it seems superfluous to mention the political will, knowledge and skills for effective supervision of the security sector in conditions when to date, for six months the parliamentary committees have not been staffed. In this paper, we will give a critical review of the functioning of the parliamentary committees in circumstances when their members from the opposition are absent and whether the parliamentary mechanisms for security sector control is only a democratic decor or effective mechanism aimed at protecting human rights and freedoms from possible abuses by the security sector institutions.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Social Sciences > Other social sciences
Divisions: Military Academy
Depositing User: Muhamet Racaj
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2017 07:23
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2017 10:33
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/18126

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