Soybean varieties as effective tool for phytoremediation of cadmium polluted soil

Mihajlov, Ljupco and Balabanova, Biljana and Zajkova-Paneva, Vesna and Wei, Shuhe (2017) Soybean varieties as effective tool for phytoremediation of cadmium polluted soil. In: 17th International Symposium and Summer School on Bioanalysis in CEEPUS CIII-RO-0010-11-1617 network for teaching and learning bioanalysis.

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Abstract

Cadmium (Cd) is an important toxic heavy metal and the warning of health risks from Cd pollution were issued initially in the ‘70s. Increased concentrations of Cd in agricultural soils are known to come from human activities, such as the application of phosphate fertilizer, sewage sludge, wastewater, pesticides, mining and smelting of metalliferous ores with high Cd content, and traffic. Although there are many reports on Cd contamination in agricultural soils, most of the investigations are concentrated in the vicinity of the mine sites. But concerning point is certainly dealing with the problem of cadmium soil pollution. Remediation has been improved as most effective for soil pollution. Recently phytoremediation has been improved as one of the most convenient techniques for remediation of heavy metals from contaminated soils. The main purpose of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of soybean varieties for phytoremediation of agricultural soils with higher content of cadmium. For that purpose, three soybean varieties with long vegetation (Balkan, Ilindenka and Pavlikeni) and soybean varieties with short vegetation (Pella, Avigea and OW) were used in association with rhyzobacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum. The total and available content of cadmium were determined in separate parts of the plant (root, stem, leaf, seed and pod). Physicochemical analyses were conducted for determination soil properties. Bioaccumulation factor (BAF), bioconcentrating factor (BCF) and translocation factor (TF) were used to examine the soybean potential for cadmium remediation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Natural sciences > Chemical sciences
Natural sciences > Earth and related environmental sciences
Agricultural Sciences > Other agricultural sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Depositing User: Biljana Balabanova
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2017 10:30
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2017 10:30
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/18118

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