Applying the isokinetic and the isokinetic diagnostics at the injures of Ligamentum anterior cruciate-ACL

Manevski, Dimitar and Nikolovska, Lence and Handziski, Zoran and Handziska, Eli (2016) Applying the isokinetic and the isokinetic diagnostics at the injures of Ligamentum anterior cruciate-ACL. Rauché Zdravstveni časopis, 7. pp. 32-34. ISSN 2233-131X

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Abstract

Injury to the ligaments of the knee lately is growing among athletes. In the sports literature the term sports knee is more present than before. Fresh injuries of the ligament apparatus essentially represent a serious distortion of the knee, which if improperly are treated can cause serious damage to the kinematics of the knee. According Bousget heavy distortion of the knee means: isolated ACL injury; isolated failures of the last internal angle or popliteus, isolated failures of the last internal angle with desinsertion of the meniscus and at least two or more violations of the capsule of the ligament apparatus of the knee. The world trends show a significant quantitative increase in the sport and recreation activities dealing with people during their leisure time. Unfortunately, such attempts often result in more damage than good, because they are performed spontaneously, usually without a plan and program, and especially without adequate supervision and preparations of the bones, wrists, muscular and cardiorespiratory system. Therefore, in such activities sometimes it comes even to severe consequences such as heart attack, stroke, but in most cases the problems usually are associated with the locomotors apparatus. So often we find stretched and ruptured muscles and tendons, wrists problem in terms of ruptured ligament, degenerative damage (mostly cartilage) and in the worst cases even stress fractures of the bones. Therefore, it would be nice firstly to strengthen muscles, to enable the wrists, tendons and bones and only then to start with activity. One extremely effective method for this is isokinetic exercise, whereby the muscles are actively strength without danger of overload of the wrists. That is important in the prevention, because it brings into balance the antagonistic groups i.e. we prepare optimally entire bone-muscle system for the planned recreation. Isokinetic exercise is the most beneficial for people that have already led to some pathological changes, primarily damage to the joints (injuries, degenerative inflammatory diseases, etc.). After completing the isokinetic treatment it is extremely important that before to proceed with some kind of planned physical activity, as the resulting muscular force would better maintained, and cardiorespiratory system would be developed more.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Basic medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Medical and Health Sciences > Health biotechnology
Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Tose Krstev
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2017 12:02
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2017 12:02
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/17386

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