End of life treatment of polymer composite materials

Srebrenkoska, Vineta and Dimeski, Dimko (2016) End of life treatment of polymer composite materials. In: GREDIT’2016 – Green Development Infrastucture Technology, 31 March - 02 Apr 2016, Skopje, Macedonia.

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Abstract

Because of increasing environmental demands, especially on dealing with products end of life phase, product manufacturers and designers must consider the future disposal of their products. For conventional materials like steel and aluminium well-functioning recycling methods exists. This is not the case for structures of polymer composites, which are used more extensively, especially for structures like vehicles and vessels. Several techniques do exist but they are not yet commercially available. The current disposal methods of polymer composites are landfill and incineration. Polymer composites are materials, which consist of several materials like fibre, matrix, and additives. This circumstance complicates the waste treatment of composite materials. Therefore, it is necessary to develop adequate waste treatment techniques for polymer composites including sandwich structures. Recommendations for waste treatment have been formed for a number of polymer composites. These recommendations are based on the analysis of costs and environmental effects and they compare different scenarios for mechanical material recycling and energy recovery by waste incineration. Recycling of the polymer materials largely depends on the type of polymer matrix. Incineration is one of the methods for waste treatment of polymer composite materials, because it can be used for energy recovery. However, waste incineration will always result in a additional cost for the waste producer. Many investigations have pointed out recycling of polymer composite materials as the best alternative considering environmental effects. Since recycling of polymer composites is a complicated process, especially recycling thermoset composite it is important to acquire comprehensive information about the constituents of these materials.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Engineering and Technology > Materials engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Technology
Depositing User: Vineta Srebrenkoska
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2017 14:36
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2017 14:36
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/17143

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