Herpetic Gingivostomatitis

Naskova, Sanja and Hadzi-Vasileva, Marija and Rizovski, Hristijan (2016) Herpetic Gingivostomatitis. In: 23rd International Dental Student’s Scientific Congress, 20-22 Maj 2016, Ohrid, Macedonia. (Submitted)

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Abstract

The oral cavity has multifactorial meaning and it’s necessary to do some research and even prevent every appearance of any disease or change in the oral cavity that is suspicious. Healthy oral cavity and healthy teeth are the main goal of every dentist in the whole world. Goal: Our goal is to present the oral disease called Herpetic Gingivostomatitis who mostly affects the children under the age of 6 through a questionnaire that contains the essential questions of how to treat this disease. Definition: It is a viral infection of the oral mucosa caused by herpes simplex virus. The clinical features include various intraoral and extraoral sings and symptoms. Materials and methods: The questionnaire contains : 1. When should a child with primary herpes be  admitted to hospital? 2. Should an antiviral medication be prescribed? 3. Should antibiotics be prescribed? 4. Will this child have another episode of this type  of infection? Results: According to the research and studies from various authors it’s discovered that: 1.  Hospital admission is only necessary if there is a  risk of dehydration due to an inability to  maintain an adequate intake of fluids . This is an  uncommon event; however, the clinician must  be aware of the dangers of inadequate fluid  balance and should stress to the parents or  caregivers that it is essential to encourage the  child to drink as much as possible . Intake of  solid food is not as important as fluids, but  bland soft foods should also be encouraged .  2. The prescription of antivirals is contentious, and  common practice dictates that acyclovir is only  effective if administered within the first 72 hours  of the appearance of the prodrome . In reality,  few children will present to the dentist within this time period and have commonly   visited their medical practitioner prior to the  dentist . Acyclovir should always be used   when managing children who are  immunosuppressed . 3. There is really no indication for the prescription  of antibiotics in cases of primary herpes because  it is a viral infection . 4. Patients will not have another episode of this  form of acute infection; however, they will be  subject to recurrent cold sores appearing along  the terminal distribution of the nerve pathways  that have been involved Conclusion: According to the answers that were detected we can say that while the infection lasts it’s necessary to maintain the fluid balance and to eat properly. This occurs that the therapy is actually symptomatic. But, proper oral hygiene and mouthwash must be included. For pain relief it can be prescribed Aspirine or Paracetamol. It’s very important the child to visit the dentist while the infection it’s in early stage, so that it can be stopped. Key words: herpes, virus infection, medicaments, research, diet, fluids, stomatological treatment, answers.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Sanja Naskova
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2016 13:58
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2016 13:58
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/16271

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