Heavy metals air pollution study in mines environments. Case study Bregalnica river basin, Republic of Macedonia

Stafilov, Trajče and Balabanova, Biljana and Sajn, Robert (2016) Heavy metals air pollution study in mines environments. Case study Bregalnica river basin, Republic of Macedonia. In: 29th Task Force Meeting of the ICP Vegetation for Europe Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution, Dubna, Russian Federation.

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Abstract

Application of several moss species and attic dust for monitoring of anthropogenic impact on heavy metals air pollution in Bregalnica River Basin, Republic of Macedonia, was studied. Moss samples were reviewed for their potential to reflect heavy metals air pollution. The attention was focused on their quantification ability, underlying the metal accumulation within moss plant tissue and attic dust “historical archiving”. Potential “hot spots” were selected in areas of copper mine (Bučim mine) and lead and zinc mines (Zletovo mine and Sasa mine) as main metal pollution sources in the Eastern part of the Republic of Macedonia. Continuously, dust distribution from ore and flotation tailings occurs. This results with air-introduction and deposition of higher contents of certain metals. Several moss species (Hypnum cupressiforme, Homalothecium lutescens and Scleropodium purum) were used as plant sampling media. Determination of chemical elements was conducted by using both instrumental techniques: atomic emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP-AES) and mass spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP-MS). Combination of multivariate techniques (PCA, FA and CA) was applied for data processing and identification of elements association with lithogenic or anthropogenic origin. Spatial distribution maps were constructed for determination and localizing of narrower areas with higher contents of certain anthropogenic elements. In this way influences of selected human activities in local (small scale) air pollution can be determined. Summarized data reveal real quantification of the elements distribution not only in order determination of hazardously elements distribution, but also present complete characterization for elements deposition in mines environs.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Subjects: Natural sciences > Chemical sciences
Natural sciences > Earth and related environmental sciences
Agricultural Sciences > Other agricultural sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Depositing User: Biljana Balabanova
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2016 14:25
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2016 14:25
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/15596

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