Cellulose fibers extracted from agricultural biomass

Mojsov, Kiro (2015) Cellulose fibers extracted from agricultural biomass. Tekstilna industrija, 62 (4). pp. 15-19. ISSN 0040-2389

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Abstract

The agricultural biomass is an important and inexpensive source of cellulose and cellulose fibers. Therefore, many efforts are made to replace at least a portion of synthetic fibers with cellulose fibers obtained from plant waste materials. This paper presents the study of cellulose fibers extracted from plant agricultural biomass including: wheat, rape, rice, sunflower and flax straws. In this paper, the selected materials were treated by the very common method who include consecutive physicochemical techniques to remove non-cellulosic components such as pectic substances, lignin and hemicellulose, as well as to obtain cellulosic material with suitable structure and properties necessary for preparing cellulose micro- and nanofibers. It has been shown that the use of chemical treatment using sodium chlorite (NaClO2) as delignification agent, allowed the safe removal of non-cellulosic compo¬nents without degradation of the cellulose fibers. Therefore, an efficient utilization of such agricultural wastes is of great importance not only for minimizing the environmental impact, but also for obtaining a higher profit.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: agricultural biomass, cellulose fibers, purification, delignification.
Subjects: Engineering and Technology > Industrial Biotechnology
Divisions: Faculty of Technology
Depositing User: Kiro Mojsov
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2016 12:13
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2016 12:13
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/15468

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