Assessing the caries risk factor among children at age prom 4-5 using the cariogram program

Alimani Jakupi, Jetmire and Iljovska, Snezana and Naskova, Sanja and Pavlevska, Marija and Nuhii, Nexhibe (2015) Assessing the caries risk factor among children at age prom 4-5 using the cariogram program. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 6 (11). pp. 554-562. ISSN 2229-5518

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Abstract

Abstract—The Cariogram is a new concept, primarily evolved as an educative model, focused towards simple presentation of the numerous factors which cause dental caries.For the realization of this doctorate, we defined and accomplished the goal, which was based on the assessment of the dental caries risk profiles, in examinees with primary teeth, using the Cariogram model. The research is carried out in a longitudinal study, that lasted 2 years, in which we included 60 examinees at a preschool age, from 4 -5 years (31 male and 29 male). The following was done in every examinee : clinical detection of the dental health; assessment of the diet-lactobacillus in the saliva; assessment of the oral hygiene index (OHI); assessment of the frequency of meals; assessment of the flow rate of the 'stimulated' saliva; assessment of the buffering capacity of the saliva; assessment of the clinical evaluation of the examiner. After finishing the clinical and laboratorial examinations, the results were applied in the Cariogram program, from which we got data about the caries risk level for every examinee, and then we got recommendations about application of specific preventive measures. The results of the descriptive statistics and the carried out analysis of the analyzed dental caries risk factors for the dmft and the caries risk factors, show that the average value of the dmft in the first year of the examination varied in the interval from 2,31±0,62 and the average value of the dmft index during the second year of the study varied in the interval from 2,88±0,39; the quantity of Lactobacillus in the saliva varied in the interval from 1,41±0,50 CFU/ml; the average frequency of having meals varied in the interval from 1,94±0,43; the average value of the plaque index varied in the interval from 1,45±0,50; the average value of Streptococcus Mutans in the saliva varied in the interval from 2,55±0,50 CFU/ml; the average value of administering fluoride was in the interval from 1,22±0,42; the average value of the buffering capacity of the saliva varied in the interval from 0,80±0,41; the opinion and the assessment of the examiner varied in the interval from 1,41±0,57. The results of the Mann-Whitney U Test (Z=0,51) and p>0,05 (p=0,61) for the dental caries risk profiles in the first year compared to the value of the same test in the second year of the study, showed that there was no statistical significance. The assessment of the dental caries risk is a very important clinical step, especially when we use the Cariogram model, which in many ways can lead us to the use of specific preventive measures. Key words: caries risk factors; Cariogram; dmft

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Other medical sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Sanja Naskova
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2016 13:10
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2016 13:10
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/15208

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