Diabetes in pregnancy and neonatal macrosomia

Zisovska, Elizabeta (2012) Diabetes in pregnancy and neonatal macrosomia. In: Third International Medical Congress of SEE Medical Forum, 12-15 Sept 2012, Belgrade Serbia.

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Abstract

In general, macrosomia, or large for gestational age newborns (LGA) is defined as a birth weight greater than the 90th percentile for age. However, it has been suggested to restrict the definition to infants with birth weights greater than the 97th percentile (2 standard deviations above the mean) as this more accurately describes infants who are at greatest risk for perinatal morbidity and mortality. Diabetes is one of the most frequent medical condition resulting in LGA newborns, and may be induced by pregnancy or, if pre-exisistent, affects the pregnancy. Unfortunately, pregnancy makes diabetes much harder to control. High blood sugar levels (BSL) in pregnant women could be complicated by vasculopathy, and if it not, fetal hyperinsulinism and macrosomia are mostly present. They may have large organs, particularly the liver, adrenal glands, and heart. These infants may have episodes of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) shortly after birth because of increased insulin. However, an enlarged heart may take several months to get better. In this study, our objective was to present some indicators in LGA babies, comparing them in relation to diabetes in pregnancy.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Clinical medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Elizabeta Zisovska
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2015 09:21
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2015 09:21
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/13555

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