The development of approaches to healing through the ages

Bauer, Biljana and Kostik, Vesna and Cekovska, Svetlana (2015) The development of approaches to healing through the ages. Farmaceutski glasnik, 71 (2). pp. 65-73. ISSN 0014-8202

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Abstract

According to archaeological evidence, the need to relieve the intensity of pain is as old as the desire to explore new tools. Like hard flint used to make knives and axes, drugs in nature rarely occur in their most applicable form. Active ingredients and medicinal components must be first collected, processed and prepared to be inserted into a curative form. Introduction to the development of ideas about drugs, methods of healing and evolution of the profession increase the ability of medical professionals to respond to the challenges that arise with the expansion of their professional roles. Conventional (Western) medicine successfully manages acute emergency states, traumatic injuries, bacterial infections and some highly sophisticated surgical interventions. Priority intervention involves resisting and overcoming the symptoms of a disease, and not its cause (e.g., application of analgesics, anaesthetics, anti-inflammatory drugs, antipyretics, etc.). Since conventional medicine deals with parts and symptoms rather than building the overall operating system, energy, thought and feelings, it does not combat systemic diseases of long duration (e.g., arthritis, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, mental illness, etc.). Introduction of the different methods of healing developed over time increased the ability of medical professionals to meet the challenges that arise with the expansion of their professional roles. Methods of healing of cave people were undeveloped. Methods applied in Chinese medicine are focused on balancing the internal and external energies. Ayurveda represents a holistic and sophisticated system of healing. Egyptian medicinal texts show a close relationship between supernatural and empirical healing. Illyrians applied hydrotherapy and physiotherapy. Thracians had experience in the field of religious medicine and the first medical institutions. Healing in Ancient Greece was based on the law of similarity. Greek physicians associated diet and life adaptations with the use of drugs. Roman sanitary legislation regulated public hygiene and sanitation facilities. Galen made efforts to balance body fluids by using drugs of opposite nature. Keywords: conventional medicine, analgesics, anaesthetics, Ayurveda

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Basic medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Vesna Kostik
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2015 14:47
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2015 14:47
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/12977

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