Physiological bases of reading

Kitanova, Irena (2013) Physiological bases of reading. Teacher, International Јournal of Еducation, 5. pp. 120-123. ISSN 1857-8888

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Abstract

Reading process contains a number of synchronized activities. These activities are performed automated, and because it is difficult to analyze only by simple observation. Physiology of reading explains the work of us all anatomic-physiological structures which condition the reading process. In the cerebral cortex (cortex) are a center that manage and interpret human behavior, ie the ability to read is based on the complex structure and processes of the cerebral cortex. Reading is associated with nerve center nodes with sensormotor center for hearing, vision, voluntary eye movement, head movement and the neural pathways that lead to certain structures in the cerebral cortex, where it allows the reading process. To date, of all structures, is best explored the work of the organs of sight. Organ-eyes are of special importance for reading. It is significant scientific discovery Zhaval (Javal, 1878)101 indicating that the eyes along the lines do not move evenly and consistently, but the kind of leaps or "сакадо" movements that are separated by fiksacioni breaks (chart no. 14). This means that reading takes place when the eyes are suspended when fixated. With the help of the experiment is found that fixation accounted for 90%, and the movement of the eyes of 10% of the time. These data need to realize tentatively because of poor readers will need more time to fixation of how trained readers are. Keywords: reading, speech, written word, oral interpretation, and communication.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Social Sciences > Educational sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Science
Depositing User: Irena Kitanova
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2015 14:29
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2015 14:29
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/12369

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