Cytological and histological changes in lymphocytes influence of ionizing radiation on health workers

Gorgieva, Pale and Nedeljkovik, Bojana and Velickova, Nevenka (2014) Cytological and histological changes in lymphocytes influence of ionizing radiation on health workers. In: XIII International Congress of Medical Sciences, 8-11 May 2014, Sofia, Bugaria.

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Abstract

Introduction: Ionizing radiation can originate from natural and artificial sources and ionization may be direct or indirect. Depending on the dose and intensity of radiation radiobiological effect may be different. Acute radiation sickness occurs as a result of irradiation of the whole body with large doses of radiation in a short time. While chronic radiation damages arise in professional workers due to exposure to small doses over a long time. Depending on the type of tissue and cell properties radiobiological effect may be different. Young cells in which there was extensive mitotic activity and metabolism are much more sensitive to ionizing radiation. Aim of the study To watch the cytological and histological changes in lymphocytes in healthcare workers occupationally exposed to the influences of ionizing radiation. Material and Methods: Mikronucleus test is used as a method for detection of cytologycal effect of ionizing radiation. Results: We noticed cytological and histological changes in lymphocytes, the occurrence of micronucleus, binuclear lymphocytes and others. hematological changes. Conclusion: Taking into account the impact of ionizing radiation on the entire organism, the occurrence of micronucleus indicates the need for more frequent inspections, researche and system control of organism on this group of workers. The goal is to prevent injuries and reduce radiation risk from the effects of irradiation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Medical and Health Sciences > Basic medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Nevenka Velickova
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2014 11:49
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2014 11:49
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/11808

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