Sport and recreation activities at the "Goce Delcev" University Shtip, Republic of Macedonia - differences in students opinions for its realization in dependence on certain characteristics

Popeska, Biljana and Janevik-Ivanovska, Emilija and Barbareev, Kiril and Jovanova-Mitkovska, Snezana (2014) Sport and recreation activities at the "Goce Delcev" University Shtip, Republic of Macedonia - differences in students opinions for its realization in dependence on certain characteristics. In: Proceedings book of 9th FIEP European Congress and 7th International Scientific Congress: Sport, Stress, Adaptation, 9-12 Oct 2014, Sofia, Bulgaria.


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Although research interest on physical activity and health dates back to the 1950s, the breakthrough in the scientific evidence on health benefits of physical activity largely took place during the 1980s and 1990s. There is an overwhelming amount of scientific evidence on the positive effects of sport and physical activity as part of a healthy lifestyle. The positive, direct effects of engaging in regular physical activity are particularly apparent in the prevention of several chronic diseases, including: cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression and osteoporosis. The WHO has estimated that “one in four patients visiting a health service has at least one mental, neurological or behavioural disorder, but most of these disorders are neither diagnosed nor treated”. A number of studies have shown that exercise may play a therapeutic role in addressing a number of psychological disorders. Studies also show that exercise has a positive influence on depression. Physical self-worth and physical self-perception, including body image, has been linked to improved self-esteem. The evidence relating to health benefits of physical activity predominantly focuses on intra-personal factors such as physiological, cognitive and affective benefits, however, that does not exclude the social and inter-personal benefits of sport and physical activity which can also produce positive health effects in individuals and communities. A number of factors influence the way in which sport and physical activity impacts on health in different populations. Sport and physical activity in itself may not directly lead to benefits but, in combination with other factors, can promote healthy lifestyles. There is evidence to suggest that changes in the environment can have a significant impact on opportunities for participation and in addition, the conditions under which the activity is taking place can heavily impact on health outcomes. Elements that may be determinants on health include nutrition, intensity and type of physical activity, appropriate footwear and clothing, climate, injury, stress levels and sleep patterns. Sport and physical activity can make a substantial contribution to the well-being of people in developing countries. Exercise, physical activity and sport have long been used in the treatment and rehabilitation of communicable and non-communicable diseases. Physical activity for individuals is a strong means for the prevention of diseases and for nations is a cost-effective method to improve public health across populations.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Social Sciences > Educational sciences
Medical and Health Sciences > Health sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Science
Faculty of Medical Science
Depositing User: Emilija Janevik
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2014 08:51
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2014 08:51

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