Biotechnological applications of laccases in the Textile Industry

Mojsov, Kiro (2014) Biotechnological applications of laccases in the Textile Industry. Advanced Technologies, 3 (1). pp. 76-79. ISSN 2217-9720

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BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS OF LACCASES IN THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY, Advanced technologies, 3(1) 2014, 76-79.pdf

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Abstract

Owing to the specific nature, enzymes have become an important class of biochemicals in textile processing. The use of enzymes in the textile processing is rapidly gaining globally recognition because of their non-toxic and eco-friendly characteristics to reduce pollution in the textile production. The search for efficient technologies has increased the interest in the use of enzymes to substitute conventional chemical textile processes by environment-friendly and economically attractive bioprocesses. Furthermore, the use of enzymes results in reduced process times, energy and water savings, the improved product quality and the potential process integration. Among the different existing oxidant enzymes,laccases have been the subject of the intensive research in the last decades. Laccases are Oxidoreductase class of enzymes (benzenediol: EC 1.10.3.2). Laccases are generally active at pH 3-5 and in the optimal temperature range of 30-50 ºC. They oxidize by using molecular oxygen as an electron acceptor from the substrate. Laccases are used to bleach textiles, can be used for textile dyeing/finishing, and many other industrial, environmental uses. This review mainly focuses on the use of laccases as an alternate technology to the conventional methods.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: enzymes, laccases, bleaching, decolouration, denim.
Subjects: Engineering and Technology > Industrial Biotechnology
Divisions: Faculty of Technology
Depositing User: Kiro Mojsov
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2014 14:00
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2014 14:00
URI: http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/id/eprint/10634

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